LEXICAL RESOURCES FOR IELTS : COLLOCATION – LESSON 05
decent , excellent , first-class , good , high – quality , quality , well-rounded
Although he had had little formal ~, he could read and write well.
He received a classical ~.
all-round ( BrE ) , basic , general
He’d received an excellent general ~ in Poland.
comprehensive ( esp. BrE ) , public-school (= provided by the government) ( AmE ) , universal
the party’s policy on comprehensive ~
Nigeria committed itself to universal primary ~.
early – childhood ( esp. AmE ) , preschool
elementary , primary ( esp. BrE )
secondary ( esp. BrE )
adult , continuing , further ( BrE ) , higher , tertiary
a college of further ~
41% had some post-secondary ~.
college ( esp. AmE ) , high-school ( in the US ) , public-school (= private) ( in the UK ) , university
graduate , undergraduate ( both esp. AmE )
remedial ( AmE ) , special
in-service , professional , vocational
military , teacher
maternal , parental
How well a child does at school is influenced by the level of parental ~.
distance , online ( both esp. AmE )
Technology allows distance ~ to occur at all levels.
AIDS , health
sex , sexuality ( AmE )
arts , music , science , etc.
religious , theological
full-time , part-time
public , state
parents who choose private ~ for their children
Catholic , Christian , etc.
single – sex
Researchers have found that single-sex ~ may benefit girls.
bilingual , multicultural
verb + education
acquire , get , have , obtain , receive
He was at a disadvantage because of the poor ~ he had received.
She brought up two children while pursuing a college ~.
deliver , give sb , offer , provide (sb with)
The school provides an excellent general ~.
No one is denied an ~ because they are poor in this country.
Many people lack the ~ and training that is needed for these jobs.
students entering higher ~
continue , extend
She went to college to continue her ~.
young people who are just leaving full-time ~
complete , finish
He went to America to complete his ~.
improve , reform
The project seeks to improve ~ for students.
finance sb’s , fund sb’s
They set up an account to fund their daughter’s ~.
education + noun
authority ( in the UK ) , committee , department , ministry ( in the UK ) , sector , service , system
funds provided by the local ~ authority
We need to invest in the higher ~ sector.
officer ( esp. BrE ) , official
minister , secretary ( both in the UK )
campaign , initiative , programme/program , project , scheme ( BrE )
The department has launched a new health ~ campaign.
They want to broaden their research and ~ activities.
facilities , materials , resources
budget , funding
class , course , session
adult ~ courses
Parents should begin the sex ~ process long before it begins in school.
centre/center , college , establishment , institution , provider
children in early ~ settings
community ( esp. AmE ) , world
a policy that has been adopted by the entire ~ community
expert , leader , specialist
requirement ( AmE )
There are additional ~ requirements for nurses on this course.
levels , standards
efforts to improve ~ standards
loan ( AmE ) ( student loan in BrE )
students in full-time ~
We acquire much of our world knowledge through ~.
~ about danger on the roads
paid , salaried
full-time , part-time
lifelong , lifetime , long-term , permanent , stable , steady
short-term , temporary
gainful , meaningful
The company was one of the first to offer meaningful ~ to the blind.
full , total
The government aims to achieve full ~ within three years.
high , low
an area of very low ~
skilled , unskilled
blue-collar , white-collar
factory , office
federal , public
female , male
… of employment
policies aimed at maintaining a high level of ~
verb + employment
look for , seek
recent graduates seeking ~
find , gain , get , obtain , secure
He finally secured ~ in a local factory.
accept , take up ( formal )
He took up ~ with the company in May 2002.
give up , leave , lose
She lost her ~ when the company closed.
One company terminated his ~ after 30 days.
give sb , offer sb
create , generate , provide
This investment will certainly create ~ in the area.
The steelworks provided ~ for thousands of people.
ensure , guarantee
boost , increase , raise , stimulate
policies designed to stimulate ~
employment + verb
grow , increase , rise
decline , fall
employment + noun
opportunities , options , possibilities , prospects
There are few ~ prospects in the town for unqualified young people.
discrimination ( esp. AmE )
laws prohibiting ~ discrimination
programme/program ( esp. AmE )
a state-subsidized ~ programme/program
agency , service
The survey studied the ~ status of people within the community.
Interviewers will look carefully at a candidate’s ~ history.
agreement , contract
conditions , terms
data , figures , records , statistics
levels , rate
picture , situation
The ~ picture is not good.
patterns , trends
graduates entering the ~ market
the government’s full-employment policy
law , legislation
tax ( AmE )
The company’s ~ practices have been widely criticized.
Most of last year’s graduates are now in ~.
out of ~
She had been out of ~ for three years.
conditions of ~ , terms of ~
Union negotiate conditions of ~.
a contract of ~
patterns of ~ , trends of ~
significant changes in patterns of ~
I did not see him again, except for a brief ~ on a train.
first , initial
last , previous
her early ~s with contemporary art
casual , chance , random , unexpected
It was a chance ~ that led to the setting up of the new political party.
close , intimate
I decided not to risk a second close ~ with the snakes.
face-to-face , personal
The press conference was her first direct ~ with the media.
fateful , strange
aggressive , armed , dangerous , unpleasant , violent
cultural , social
the language we use in everyday social ~s
the colonial ~ of indigenous craftsmen with Europeans
erotic , sexual
examination of UFO sightings and alien ~s
verb + encounter
I had my first ~ with him two years ago.
Few men survive an ~ with her!
recall , remember
encounter + verb
occur , take place
result in sth
violent ~s between police and protesters
my first ~ with my new boss
commonly , frequently , often , regularly
Walruses were commonly ~ed in the Shetland Islands until recently.
an idea I first ~ed when I was in the army
verb + encounter
be likely to
What are the difficulties you are most likely to ~?
Encounter is used with these nouns as the object: barrier , delay , difficulty , discrimination , hazard , hostility , interference , obstacle , opposition , prejudice , problem , resistance , roadblock , situation
It’s pure ~ and there’s nothing wrong with that.
escapist , mindless
evening , nightly
Passengers can enjoy free nightly ~.
half-time , pre – game ( AmE ) , pre – match ( BrE )
the half-time ~ at football games
home , in-flight , public , street
mass , popular
Movies were the new mass ~.
family , light , wholesome
Vote for your top light ~ show.
digital , video
musical , sports
verb + entertainment
lay on ( BrE ) , offer , provide , put on
They provided lavish ~ for their guests.
entertainment + noun
business , company , industry , media , world
centre/center , complex , venue
district ( esp. AmE )
Tokyo’s ~ district
The leading piece of ~ news in the US is the Oscars.
The movies were bought for their ~ value.
licence ( BrE )
for sb’s ~
Ladies and gentlemen, for your ~, we present Magic Man.
a form of ~
a place of ~
places of ~ such as bars
a source of ~
The television was his only source of ~.
the world of ~
stars from the world of ~
1 conditions of the place where you are
Cold-blooded animals depend on the temperature of their immediate ~.
alien , new , unfamiliar
marine life in its natural ~
changing , ever – changing ( esp. AmE )
comfortable , protected , safe , secure , stable
friendly , supportive
hospitable , pleasant
clean , healthy
favourable/favorable , ideal
This period provided an ideal ~ for the spread of communism.
uncertain , unstable
extreme , harsh , hostile
Walkers can unwittingly damage the fragile ~ in which the birds live.
built , urban
the quality of our natural and built ~s
cold , warm
aquatic , coastal , forest , marine , mountain
domestic , family , home
Children learn best in their home ~.
cultural , emotional , social
office , work , working , workplace
A comfortable working ~ will increase productivity.
classroom , educational , learning , school , teaching , training
economic , financial
Investors are showing more caution in the current economic ~.
business , commercial , corporate
She now had to transfer her design skills to a commercial ~.
verb + environment
create , foster , provide
parents who strive to provide a stimulating ~ for their children to grow up in
creatures that have adapted to hostile desert ~s
alter , change
The cat walked around, exploring its new ~.
in an/the ~
people working in increasingly competitive ~s
an ~ for economic growth
an ~ of fear
an ~ conducive to sth
The hospital architect tries to create an ~ conducive to healing.
In today’s competitive business ~, companies focus on minimizing costs.
2 the environment the natural world
global , world
verb + the environment
preserve , protect , safeguard , save
The government should do more to protect the ~.
clean up , improve
affect , have an impact on , impact ( AmE )
factors that have a huge impact on the ~
damage , harm , pollute
industries which damage the ~
environment + noun
agency , committee , department , group ( all esp. BrE )
chief ( BrE ) , minister ( esp. BrE )
spokesman , spokeswoman ( both BrE )
correspondent , editor ( both BrE )
policy ( esp. BrE )
protection ( esp. BrE )
in the ~
the amount of carbon in the ~
conservation of the ~ , protection of the ~
damage to the ~
farming methods that minimize damage to the ~
harmful to the ~
The label identifies the products that are least harmful to the ~.
pollution of the ~
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1 too much of sth
rhetorical , stylistic , verbal
His statements cannot be simply dismissed as rhetorical ~.
scandalous , wretched ( AmE )
Washington has always been a city of wretched ~es.
alcoholic ( BrE )
the worst ~es of the 1980s
verb + excess
avoid , contain , curb
‘Avoid excess’ is the golden rule for a healthy life.
commit ~es , perpetrate ~es
the worst ~es committed by the occupying army
The drug can be harmful if taken in ~.
They never smoked or drank to ~.
2 an amount by which sth is larger than sth else
in ~ of
The car can travel at speeds in ~ of 150 miles per hour.
a large ~ of gas
appear , be , seem
consider sth , regard sth as , see sth as
He considered the level of tax ~.
grossly , wildly
rather , somewhat
a little , slightly , etc.
The influence of her ideas was perhaps ~.
clearly , manifestly ( BrE , law )
The sentence which was imposed was manifestly ~.
Excessive is used with these nouns: alcohol , amount , bleeding , bureaucracy , caution , claim , cleanliness , consumption , delay , demand , dependence , drinking , emphasis , enthusiasm , expenditure , exposure , force , growth , heat , indulgence , intake , level , overtime , politeness , preoccupation , rainfall , regulation , reliance , secrecy , strain , stress , taxation , use , violence , wastage , wear , workload , zeal